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Fascination for dogs

Dogs descend from wolves
Our pet dogs have many wild relatives. These include not only the wolf, but foxes and, in other parts of the world, jackals, coyotes and hyenas. Many thousands of years ago, domestic dogs in Asia and Australia interbred with wild dogs and produced dingos.

Ten thousand years ago, possibly even earlier, wolves and people inhabited the same valleys and forests. People observed the wolves very closely, because they showed them where to find prey and also how best to hunt their prey. Wolves in their turn observed the people, ate their leftovers and gave them warning in the event of approaching danger. At some point, people tamed young wolves, took them with them when they went hunting, had them guard their camps, and shared their food with them in return. This development from the wolf to the dog is an example of domestication.

Although all dogs descend from wolves, they look very different. There is a total of more than 400 breeds of dog and just as many very different cross-breeds. Although they all look very different, all dogs behave in a similar way.

Dogs' teeth
Wild dogs feed predominantly on prey of different sizes. Their teeth must thus be suitable for grabbing, holding, tearing and chewing. This is why all wild dogs have a very strong, special set of teeth, just like our family dogs. Like children, young dogs have a set of milk teeth. In dogs, this consists of 28 teeth. Their second set of teeth consists of 42 teeth. The four canines that are very striking as soon as the dog opens its mouth are very sharp and long. They are also called fangs. These allow the dog to grab and hold its prey. 

a: incisors            c: molars
b: fangs/canines  d: carnassials/sectorial teeth

Sharpened senses
Dogs' ears are very mobile, and they can set them to listen in different directions. For this reason, dogs do not have to turn their heads if they want to hear something more closely. They have a very fine sense of hearing.

A dog's perception of colour is limited. Dogs do not see very distinctly, but they do not need to. They are, on the other hand, very good at noticing even tiny movements during their forays, and this is even the case at night and in dim light. They can also see what is happening to their left and right without having to turn their heads, as their eyes are positioned to the side of their heads.

We people experience the world mainly by using our eyes. Dogs experience the world with their nose. They use their noses to follow a trail and to scent animals hidden under the earth. They smell other dogs that have crossed their paths, and can pick out their masters from among thousands of other people by using their sense of smell.

Dog food
Our complete feed will meet all a dog's needs. It will taste good, satisfy the dog, and it contains all the components a dog needs for its growth, health and fitness. Both dry and wet dog food is available. The quantity fed to the dog should depend on its weight, level of activity and breed. Rewards for good behaviour are no substitute for a complete diet. You should certainly follow the feeding recommendations made on the packaging.

Source: Faszination Hund IVH (www.ivh-online.de)
(German Industrial Association of Pet Care Producers)